Advantages and disadvantages of electric cars

Advantages and disadvantages of electric cars

People are receptive of the electric cars more than ever. Surprisingly, the EV concept date way back to the ’60s and it’s until now that it is gaining popularity. The automotive industry has come a long way.

Some companies have dived into the electric world and produced pure electric cars, while others are still testing the waters and offer hybrid vehicles that use both fuel and electricity. Truth is electric cars are a great step forward and a positive way to help contribute towards a healthy and stable environment.

Some of the electric model types are the Tesla Model S, Mitsubishi-iMiEV, Prius EV, Nissan Leaf, Fisker Karma, CODA, Smart 4-2EV, Chevrolet Volt. You definitely are spoiled for choice with so many brands to choose from. All you need is to get your facts right and way your options. Here are the pros and cons to help you make better decisions:

10 Advantages of Electric Cars

1. No gas is required

The main reason for EV invention is to reduce the cost of fuel. The average cost for fuel spent by conventional car owners is $2000-$4000 each year. This means most Americans use up a chunk of their savings on gas alone. Charging is cheaper than filling up with petrol/diesel. Though electricity isn’t free, an EV is cheaper to own. A plug-in hybrid eliminates a major portion of your gas bill, as well, but it still uses a gasoline engine as a range extender.

2. Charging at home

The idea of charging at home and avoiding trips to the gas station is. It’s a convenient way to charge your car just like your smartphone and in the morning it’s ready to go. On average, most drivers commute between 25-50 miles per day which is more than enough. Unless you’re planning to go more than 80-100 miles of the average range, you’ll be good to go on your daily activities.

3. Popularity

EV’s are growing in popularity. With popularity comes new models and competition between the automakers. This means you as the buyer are spoilt for choice and have a larger pool to compare in the market, providing you with a wealth of choices moving forward.

4. Safe to drive

Electric cars undergo the same fitness and testing procedures test as other fuel powered cars. Different control units and wiring are installed to improve the user's experience by achieving more accurate and transparent systems that control your driving environment. The car is made smart enough to detect any faults and possibly prevent accidents. In case an accident occurs, one can expect airbags to open up and electricity supply to cut from the battery. This can prevent you and other passengers in the car from serious injuries.

5. Eco-friendly

Electric cars have a smaller impact on the environment than conventional cars. The EVs are 100% eco-friendly as they run battery powered engines (BEV). This means they do not emit exhaust that pollutes the air as they run on the only clean energy source. The good news is better air quality leads to fewer health problems and clean environment to live in.

6. Maintenance And Efficiency

The electric motor has a less complicated engine with fewer mechanical parts than a conventional petrol/diesel. The internal combustion engine (ICE), require plenty of fluids to keep it moving and functioning properly. The EV has fewer subsystems; therefore, you’ll spend less on servicing the car as opposed to the traditional engine.

7. Comfort And Space

The good news is the EV offers a smooth ride that is quiet, calm and serene. The pure electric car makes the traditional car seem boring and ancient. The thought of dragging around a tank of stinking, combustible fuel and old-fashioned mechanical parts seem outdated.

The most interesting part of driving the car is it requires nothing to gear up so when you accelerate it just moves. This offers a smoother ride and you use your brakes a lot less while driving. For the music lovers, playing the music in the car is a lot clearer than driving the conventional car. It is more serene due to the quiet engines.

Platforms like the android auto, car play or the mirror link technology make it possible for you to control your phone on the car’s dashboard. Some EVs have very advanced infotainment high- tech and are there to make your experience more memorable.

8. Software/ Hardware/ Firmware Upgrades

The advantages of owning an electric car are they can easily be upgraded. Their firmware and software’s are designed in a way all the latest upgrades can be done. Soon the older models will have an option of improving some parts like installing onboard chargers as well as motor controller power settings.

Although this is still small upgrades, eventually, it will be possible to harbor sophisticated upgrades like complete battery changes. The combination of clever battery manager soft ware’s and battery schemes can lift off the worry out of the EV owner.

9. Pricing

Electric cars are affordable to buy and cheaper to maintain. For instance, most EV fall in the $30,000 price range before subsidies. It may cost a less the amount after federal income tax credits (costs $7,500). Most states offer tax credits in favor of the EV buyer, enticing them to lease payments saving the new owner some coins.

10. Reduced noise pollution

The good news is the EV offers a smooth ride that is quiet, calm and serene. The pure electric car makes the traditional car seem boring and ancient. The thought of dragging around a tank of stinking, combustible fuel and old-fashioned mechanical parts seem outdated.

The most interesting part of driving the car is it requires nothing to gear up so when you accelerate it just moves. This offers a smoother ride and you use your brakes a lot less while driving. For the music lovers, playing the music in the car is a lot clearer than driving the conventional car. It’s like listening to music in the comfort of your living room. It is more serene due to the quiet engines.

6 Disadvantages of Electric Cars

1. Range anxiety

Most of the EV drivers are constantly worried about running out of charge when miles away from the next charging system. Most electric cars are limited to a range of about 80-100 miles and need to be recharged periodically. For instance, the Ford Focus Electric and Nissan Leaf offer a range of approximately 75 miles. For most drivers, the range is enough to cover their daily activities but have the conventional gasoline car just in case, they need it.

2. Have to install chargers at home

The biggest disadvantage of the electric charging station is still in the development stages. This means there aren’t as many charging stations, which will, in turn, make you drive quite a distance in search of fuelling stations. This discourages most buyers and creates range anxiety.

3. Increased Electric bills

The other option is the EV owner may be forced to install a charging station at home, cutting into the cost savings from owning an EV in the first place. If you haven’t done your research into the electric car you want to purchase, then you may be making an unwise investment. Sometimes electric cars require a lot of energy to charge in order to function properly – which may reflect poorly on your electricity bill each month. Especially, charging during peak hours can add to your utility bills.

As electric cars need the power to charge up, cities already facing acute power shortage are not suitable for electric cars. The consumption of more power would hamper their daily power needs

4. Long charging hours

Another big concern of EV owners is the amount of time it takes to refuel an electric car. It takes only a few minutes to fuel your gasoline powered car, while it takes an electric car about 4-6 hours to fully charge using a power grid and 12 hours using the basic wall socket of 110volt.

EVs commonly can add about 20 to 25 miles of range in an hour of charging from a 240-volt source of electricity. Which means the idea of a road trip is out of the discussion, especially if it’s driving in a remote area. It would be unfortunate if you forget to charge it before you sleep.

Also, some EVs have different charging ports from the normal ports. For instance, a few of 2010 Mitsubishi-iMiEV are designed with a standard sing-phase charge port to facilitate slow charging. This simply means this model cannot use some public charge points because of its special interlock features.

5. Battery degradation

Although having an EV eliminates maintenance costs, batteries of almost all electric cars are required to be changed every 3-10 years and replacing battery packs can be costly. The battery costs roughly a few thousand and it also depends on the car model.

6. Cold season

There is also a legitimate anxiety involving cold season and the electric car. Cold weather makes lithium-ion batteries less efficient and will cause you to constantly charge the car 50% more rapidly. It’s even worse if you need to heat up the cabin of the car. It will lose more heat and reduces the normal range it covers.

However, if your EV is stored in a warm garage, the car can retain the heat, especially if you choose to preheat the cabin while it’s still plugged in the charging port.

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